Merchandise knowledge

Basic weaves and variations

Woven fabrics are most frequently used in clothing, bedding or curtains.Today, you can even select beds with many different types of upholstery. The technique of weaving has been the same for millennia. Threads (warps) are stretched between two evenly spaced beams and then row upon row another thread (weft) is pulled through.

These are the basic types of weaving:

Linen weave

Linen weaving is the simplest and ale the closest interlacing of the warps and wefts. Every warp thread lies alternately over and under a weft thread. The binding points touch each other on all sides. The binding pattern consists of two warp threads and two weft threads. The front and back of the garment have identical binding.

Linen weave image

Twill weave

The twill weave can be recognized by the diagonally aligned interlacing points which form a twill line. If the ridgeline runs from the bottom left upwards and right, then the term Z-twill can be applied. In S-twill, the twill line runs from the top left to the bottom right. More warp and weft are shown on the front sight of twill fabric. Twill fabrics can be soft and loose or smooth, dense and durable, depending on binding and thread density.


Satin weave

Satin weave features a uniformly dispersed arrangement of the points of attachment, they do not touch each other at any point of the pattern repeat. Each repeat contains at least 5 warp and weft waft threads. Each warp thread binds the report from only once, resulting in long, Float loops, which shape the fabric appearance and properties. The varied nature of the binding of warp and weft create different sides to the material. Warp threads in satin weave are predominantly on the front side of the fabric. Some rare satin weaves have the waft threads on the front side of the merchandise.

Because of the small number of binding points and the high thread density, satin weave fabrics are smooth, even, and shiny. Loosely interwoven fabrics create smoothness. Satin, Duchesse, and Moleskin are examples of satin weave.

Satin weave

Look in our Fabric lexicon too! Many of your questions about fabrics and textiles are answer there.

Symbols for the care and treatment of textiles

The use of care symbols is voluntary. They are only a recommendation and are not a guarantee that the textile product will not be damaged by the recommended treatments. The care symbols always lists the upward limit of permissible treatment. For blended fabrics, the care is determined by the most delicate type of fiber. The order of the symbols is the wash basin, the triangle, the iron, the washing machine and the dryer drum.

Wash (wash basin)
Machine wash 95 deg; Machine wash
Delicate cycle 95 deg; Delicate cycle
Machine wash 60 deg; Machine wash
Delicate cycle 60 deg; Delicate cycle
Machine wash 40 deg; Machine wash
Delicate cycle 40 deg; Gentle cycle
Extra gentle cycle 40 deg; Extra gentle cycle
Machine wash 30 deg; Machine wash
Delicate cycle 30 deg; Gentle cycle
Extra gentle cycle 30 deg; Extra gentle cycle
Hand wash only Hand wash only
do not wash Do not wash

The numbers in the wash basin represent the Maximum water temperature and is not the be exceeded. The bar below ÊÊ the laundry tub calls for a milder (mechanical) treatment (gentle cycle). It features wash cycles ÊÊ suitable for easy care and mechanically sensitive products. The double bar indicates wash cycles with even gentler mechanical cycles, such as the one for wool. ÊÊ und mechanisch empfindliche Artikel eignen.

Bleach (triangle)
Chlorine and oxygen bleach allowed Chlorine and Oxygen bleach allowed
Use only oxygen-based bleach, no chlorine bleach Use only oxygen-based bleach, no chlorine bleach
Do not bleach Do not bleach
Tumble dry
Tumble dry at normal heat Tumble dry at normal heat
Tumble dry at low heat Tumble dry at low heat
Tumble drying not possible Tumble drying not possible

The dots mark the level of the drying allowed. (Clothes dryer)

Ironing (Iron)
Hot iron Hot iron
Warm iron Warm iron
No hot iron, caution with steam iron. No hot iron, use steam ironing cautiously
Do not iron Do not iron

The points mark the temperature level for the iron.

Care of textiles in cleaning drum
Do not dry clean

The letters are for the dry cleaners. They provide information about suitable cleaners. The bars under the circle require limitations on the mechanical stress, the addition of moisture, and/or the temperature.

Textile care (cleaning drum)
No wet cleaning

This symbol marks articles that can be treated using wet cleaning. It's in the second row, under the symbol for dry cleaning. The bar under the circle require limitations to the mechanical stress (see washing.)